What is Nuclear Medicine?
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical science in which radioactive materials are used to diagnose and treat diseases. Diagnostic methods are used for different organs such as bones, brain, kidney, lung, heart, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, tear ducts, etc.
Nuclear medicine imaging is one of the most key imaging methods to understand the biological properties and functions of body tissues. This type of imaging is performed by injecting a substance called nuclear drug (radiopharmaceptic). The nuclear drug allows the placement and measurement of biochemical processes in the body using radiomedics. These include evaluating organ function, such as heart, kidney, liver, thyroid, etc. is. It also facilitates the location, measurement and analysis of the activity of some cancers. The information obtained from this type of imaging is quite different from anatomical imaging methods such as CT or MRI .
Imaging method in nuclear medicine is such that first radiopharmaceuticals for each organ are marked with radioactive substance and injected to the patient and accumulated in the organ. Then, using gamma-camra device, imaging of the organ is done. Unlike radiology methods that generally provide information about organ building, this method generally provides nuclear medicine specialists with information about the function of different organs.
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